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By Theodora Dragostinova

In 1900, a few 100,000 humans dwelling in Bulgaria—2 percentage of the country’s population—could be defined as Greek, even if by way of nationality, language, or faith. The complicated identities of the population—proud heirs of historical Hellenic colonists, dependable voters in their Bulgarian place of birth, contributors of a much wider Greek diasporic neighborhood, religious fans of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek executive in Athens—became entangled within the becoming nationwide tensions among Bulgaria and Greece throughout the first half the 20th century. In among Motherlands, Theodora Dragostinova explores the transferring allegiances of this Greek minority in Bulgaria. diversified social teams contested the that means of the kingdom, shaping and reshaping what it intended to be Greek and Bulgarian throughout the gradual and painful transition from empire to geographical regions within the Balkans. In those many years, the zone was once racked via a chain of upheavals (the Balkan Wars, global conflict I, interwar inhabitants exchanges, global warfare II, and Communist revolutions). The Bulgarian Greeks have been stuck among the competing agendas of 2 states more and more bent on constructing nationwide homogeneity. in keeping with broad examine within the records of Bulgaria and Greece, in addition to fieldwork within the nations, Dragostinova indicates that the Greek inhabitants didn't blindly stick to Greek nationalist leaders yet used to be torn among id with the land in their beginning and loyalty to the Greek reason. Many emigrated to Greece according to nationalist pressures; others sought to keep up their Greek id and traditions inside Bulgaria; a few even switched aspects while it suitable their own pursuits. nationwide loyalties remained fluid regardless of country efforts to mend ethnic and political borders by means of such capacity as inhabitants activities, minority treaties, and stringent citizenship principles. the teachings of a case equivalent to this proceed to reverberate at any place and every time states try and regulate nationwide borders in areas lengthy inhabited through combined populations.

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