By Alexander J. Dunning
This work unites the ideas of laser cooling and matter-wave interferometry to enhance an interferometric laser cooling process in an experimental process of chilly rubidium atoms. Serving as an creation to graduate point coherent optical atomic manipulation, the thesis describes the idea of motivated Raman transitions and atom interferometry, in addition to the experimental equipment for getting ready and manipulating chilly atoms, prior to construction on those foundations to discover adapted optical pulse sequences and novel atomic cooling techniques.
Interferometric cooling, initially proposed through Weitz and Hänsch in 2000, relies upon the coherent broadband laser pulses of Ramsey interferometry and in precept permits laser cooling of atomic and molecular species open air the scope of conventional Doppler laser cooling. at the direction towards cooling, composite pulses – quantum errors correction tools, built by means of chemists to mitigate the results of in homogeneities in NMR spectroscopy – are investigated with a view to enhancing the functionality of atom interferometers.
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